A report on the waste picked up by cleanup crews working along the nation’s beaches and shorelines from the Surfrider Foundation showed almost 90% of the more than 80,000 pounds of trash collected in 2020 was plastic. The foundation, an ocean and beach protection nonprofit, found new ways to structure beach cleanups, like sending volunteers out by themselves instead of in groups, to mitigate the risk of exposure to the coronavirus. The report also criticizes the use of bioplastics — an umbrella term that refers to plastic alternatives derived from plants as well as petroleum-based plastic products with additives purported to make them biodegradable. Such materials, Surfrider reports, degrade and break down in the environment in a similar manner to normal plastic, and are also not recyclable. Rachael Coccia, plastic pollution coordinator for the foundation, and Holden Hardcastle, chair of the foundation’s San Francisco chapter, spoke with “Civic” about beach cleanups during the pandemic and the problems with bioplastics.